During the reign of Emperor Augustus (around 16 B.C.) the Romans already established a huge military camp south of the old city.

Shortly afterwards, a civil settlement was founded at the site of latter day Neuss. It soon became a flourishing centre of trade – a position, that Neuss has managed to maintain until today.

At the beginning of the 12th century, the city erected its first fortifications for defence – with great foresight of the turbulent history to come. At the end of the 19th century following the expansion of the harbour, Neuss experienced a flourishing industrial upswing.

Today, Neuss is a modern city with over 154,000 inhabitants, a booming economy and an eloquent witness of an eventful past.


16 B.C.
A Roman legionary camp is founded at the mouth of the river Erft located on the most important Roman route from Cologne to Xanten.
First century
The first civil settlement "Novaesium" is founded at the city's present centre forming an important place for craftsmen and traders.
The relics of the Roman tribune and martyr St. Quirinus are brought from Rome to Neuss.
First mention of Neuss as a trading centre.
12th century
First fortification in Neuss. Agriculture, grain, cattle and wine trade foster economic development.
The cornerstone for the church of St. Quirinus is laid by Magister Wolbero. Neuss develops into an important site for pilgrimage in the Rhineland.
Neuss is unsuccessfully besieged by Charles the Bold. In recognition of the successful defence, the city is granted Hanseatic rights, prerogative of coinage, the right to bear the Golden Imperial eagle in the coat of arms, along with other rights by Emperor Frederick III.
More than two thirds of the city is destroyed in a big fire.
Fire at the church of St. Quirinus. It is reconstructed with cupola and statue of Saint Quirinus.
1794 – 1814
Neuss under French rule. French revolutionary ideas demanding "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity" reach the Rhineland. Many cloisters and church institutions are secularised.
1815 – 1946
Neuss is passed to the Kingdom/Country of Prussia.
Harbour expansion
Neuss has around 9,000 inhabitants
Industrial upswing with the founding of numerous companies. Expansion of the city's boundaries.
1888 – 1900
Systematic excavations of the first Roman fort.
Neuss has 64,000 inhabitants
Neuss reaches the figure of 100,000 inhabitants.
Communal reorganisation and increase in the number of inhabitants to 150,000.
1976 till today
The city is systematically developed into a major economical and service centre for the region. Continual expansion of the infrastructure.